from selected tree:
This is NOT a distance correction! By selecting 'from selected tree' distances are not calculated using sequence data. Instead they are extracted from the tree currently selected in the 'Trees in Database' selection list.
The distance between two species is defined as the sum of the lengths of all branches that connect these two species.
Please note that this is an experimental feature. The distances between two species are not directly based on the sequence differences between these two species. Instead they reflect the evolutionary distance assumed by the tree reconstruction algorithm used to build the tree.
The distances extracted from a tree are expected to be (slightly) bigger than the distances directly calculated from the sequences. This seems reasonable, because it is very unlikely, that evolution always took the shortest possible way (which is represented by the direct sequence distance). This effect increases for more distant (unrelated) species, reflecting the indirections evolution most likely made.